Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery


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Typical discomforts may include:.


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Sore throat caused by the tube placed in the windpipe for breathing during surgery. Complications can sometimes occur after surgery. These are the most common complications. Shock may be caused by blood loss, infection, spine injury, or metabolic problems. Treatment may include any or all of the following:.


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Rapid blood loss from the site of surgery, for example, can lead to shock. Treatment of rapid blood loss may include:. When bacteria enter the site of surgery, an infection can happen. Infections can delay healing.

Wound infections can spread to nearby organs or tissue, or to distant areas through the bloodstream. Treatment of wound infections may include:. A deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in a large vein deep inside a leg, arm, or other part of the body. Symptoms are pain, swelling, tenderness, and skin redness in a leg, arm, or other area.

What complications may occur after surgery?

If you have these symptoms, call your healthcare provider. Hematoma produces elevation and discoloration of the wound edges, discomfort, and swelling. Blood sometimes leaks between skin sutures. Neck hematoma following operation on the thyroid, parathyroid, or carotid artery are particularly dangerous, because it may expand rapidly and compromise the airway. Small hematomas may resorb, but they increase the incidence of wound infection.

Surgical Emergencies - Post Operative Complications

Treatment in most cases consists of evacuation of the clot under sterile conditions, ligation of bleeding vessels, and reclosure of the wound. Bleeding is the most common cause of shock in the first 24 hours after abdominal surgery. Postoperative hemoperitoneum—a rapidly evolving, life-threatening complication—is usually the result of a technical problem with hemostasis, but coagulation disorders may play a role.

Causes of coagulopathy, such as dilution of hemostatic factors after massive blood loss and resuscitation, mismatched transfusion, or administration of heparin, should also be considered. In these cases, bleeding tends to be more generalized, occurring in the wound, venipuncture sites, etc.

Treatment Of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery

Hemoperitoneum usually becomes apparent within 24 hours after the operation. It manifests as intravascular hypovolemia: tachycardia, hypotension, decreased urine output, and peripheral vasoconstriction. If bleeding continues, abdominal girth may increase and intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome may ensue. Changes in the hematocrit are usually not obvious for hours and are of limited diagnostic help in patients who sustain rapid blood loss.

Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery

Manifestations may be so subtle that the diagnosis is initially overlooked. Only a high index of suspicion, frequent examination of patients at risk, and systematic investigation of patients with postoperative hypotension will reliably result in Forgot Password? What is MyAccess?


  • Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery : Miguel A. Cuesta : .
  • Postoperative complications and mortality after major gastrointestinal surgery..
  • Case Studies of Postoperative Complications after Digestive Surgery.
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  • Otherwise it is hidden from view. Forgot Username? About MyAccess If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Major complications to the digestive tract after surgery imply in most of cases a leakage of an anastomosis, bleeding in the abdominal cavity or in the tract, the appearance of intraperitoneal abscesses, or surgical site infections and wound dehiscence.

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    These complications, depending on the organ affected, upper GI, HPB tract or colorectal, are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Early suspicion and diagnosis, followed by an early and effective treatment is imperative in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality.

    Case Studies of Postoperative Complications after Digestive Surgery | SpringerLink

    Adequate treatment will involve a good coordination of the three disciplines involved in treatment: the surgeon, the intervention radiologist, and the gastroenterologist. Approach of these postoperative complications is changing constantly and these changes are not properly known by general and more specialized digestive surgeons daily involved in the treatment of these diseases.

    The proposal for this book is to offer a systematic description of the most frequent complications occurring in the three above mentioned parts of the digestive tract. In this way, the reader will have access to a practical book in which every current complication can be easily recognized, along with relevant information as guide for an adequate treatment.

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    Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Table of contents 1. Prevention and Treatment of Complications after Bariatric Surgery. Prevention and Treatment of Major Complications after Cholecystectomy.

    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery
    Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery

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