Three Whippets were destroyed, as well as the Mark IV. This attack included all available A7Vs, but some broke down, other toppled into holes and were captured by British and Australian troops. The entire attack was deemed a failure, and the A7V removed from active service.
The machines order was cancelled and several were scrapped in November. The commitment of all available tanks with poor results increased the resistance from the German high command.
Some successes were achieved by the most numerous German tank in service during the spring offensives, the Beutepanzer Mark IV and V. They showed the advantage of full-length tracks over difficult terrains.
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Its featured two 57 mm 2. Although the prototype was ready by June , this ton monster proved to have a high center of gravity and poor maneuverability. However twenty were ordered in September. None were completed by the armistice. Starting late in the war, the Germans never had the opportunity to fully develop their tank arm both tactically and technically. This was achieved, mostly clandestinely, but successfully, during the twenties and early thirties.
Nevertheless this early and deceiving attempt was a landmark in German development. The Sturmpanzerwagen A7V on Wikipedia. Big, tall and symmetrical, with sloped armor, surprisingly fast, bristling with machine-guns, it was indeed more akin to a moving fortification than a real tank. With only 20 built of the initially ordered, it was more a propaganda tool than an effective breakthrough apparatus. A7V replica on display at the Munster Panzer Museum. All A7Vs were christened by their crews. It is now displayed at Brisbane Anzac museum. An A7V at Royes, during the spring offensives, March A7V by Giganaut on Sketchfab.
Quentin canal British sector , part of the March offensive. Stunningly illustrated in full colour throughout, Tank Hunter: World War One provides historical background, facts and figures for each First World War tank as well as the locations of any surviving examples, giving you the opportunity to become a Tank Hunter yourself.
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Could you perhaps be more specific in terms of what, precisely, it is you need measurements of? Perhaps you could try contacting the Australian War Memorial at Canberra, who currently have Mephisto the only surviving A7V on display if they have such figures available? Any of the people involved in its restoration might be able to help.
The same can be said for your request on the Tank Mark I page. Perhaps Bovington Tank Museum might be of some assistance? Alternatively, you could try taking a cutaway drawing and, using a point of reference such as a roller wheel or access hatch , estimate the interior? May I offer to do some of the graphics design of this website? I notice some of it is out of date, and I do it for a hobby. I would not request anything in return. Mephisto is currently on display at the Australian war memorial in Canberra Australia on loan from the Queensland museum.
I used to play it it when I was a kid in the 70,s was damaged in the Brisbane floods in however has been fully restored…Mephisto is the last surviving tank of this genre.
World War 1 German Tanks ()
Two inline Daimler-Benz petrol engines cranking out bhp. Hello AZTank, It is possible the report is referring to one of the Lebel rifle cartridges, although more investigations are needed! This cartridge was also used for machine-guns such as the Vickers. Thanks…the report was apparently done by the French the version in the link is an AEF translation …so Lebel makes sense from that aspect. Beyond the A7V model, there were other tank projects considered, some seriously.
Should the war have progressed beyond Christmas of , some of these systems may very well have seen deployment in the bloody and long-running War of the Empires. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order 1-to-Z. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. This listing also includes those examples captured from the enemy and reused in German Empire service. K Grosskampfwagen K-Wagen. Super-Heavy Tank Project.
They recruited crews and established an organizational structure. The Germans initially formed three detachments, each to be equipped with five A7V tanks and manned with five officers and NCOs and men, all experienced volunteers. By mid, six additional detachments had been established, each equipped with five captured Mark IVs. Some training was conducted near Berlin but most took place in the field. To Allied troops in the trenches, the A7V tank was an impressive machine. It was basically a huge steel box on a chassis with modified Holt tractor caterpillar-track running gear with three suspension bogies.
Built at the Daimler factory at Berlin-Marienfelde, it did not resemble the British tanks but was similar in concept to French tanks then in production. Two types were ordered: a male armed with a cannon in front and six machine guns, and a female armed with eight machine guns. Two horsepower Daimler four-cylinder, water-cooled gasoline engines were installed side by side in the midsection, each powering one track.
Average speed was 6 miles per hour, with a range of about 25 miles. The commander and driver sat on a platform above the engines, in a turret with folding armored sides 15 millimeters thick. The driver could control the tank by himself, in contrast to the British Mark I to IV tanks, which required four crewmen to execute sharp turns.
The bottom was not armored and the roof had 7. The front compartment accommodated the cannon, ammunition, gunner, loader, and gun captain, an NCO. The limited space presented a problem in selecting the main gun because German field guns were too large and required considerable space for the recoil mechanism. The solution was a 57mm quick-firing gun, with a carriage that did not recoil on firing, originally manufactured in Britain by the Maxim-Nordenfelt company and sold to Belgium in the early s for arming fortresses.
The Germans had captured of these guns during the invasion of Belgium in , along with a substantial supply of armor-piercing high explosive shells, ordinary high explosive shells, and case shot for use against personnel. A temporary trestle-type mount was installed in the first few tanks, eventually to be replaced by a better pedestal mount with an improved recoil mechanism. Machine guns were water-cooled 7.
Other weapons carried included carbines, hand grenades, and a 7. The inside of the tank was so noisy that orders had to be shouted or passed along by one of the crew. An indicator was also provided so the commander could fire the cannon in a particular direction.
A7V: the first German battle tank
The crew used pigeons for communicating with headquarters, and employed flares on the battlefield. The A7Vs were originally painted field gray but in service were soon repainted in a variety of camouflage designs. They were also usually personalized with names and sometimes insignia, such as the skull and crossbones on the front of tanks in Detachment 1.
Tank names, such as Hagen and Wotan , were often from Germanic legends. The A7V had a crew of at least 18 men, but up to 26 were carried at times, including volunteers from the infantry or artillery. The crew of Elfriede , captured at Villers-Bretonneux, consisted of the following: a second lieutenant, who served as tank commander; vice-sergeant major, second in command; corporal, driver; extra driver; two engine mechanics; a signaler; a gun captain, probably a corporal; two gunners, one serving as loader; and 12 machine gunners.
During , crewmen were issued fire-resistant coveralls impregnated with asbestos, a special padded-leather crash helmet, and a chain-mail facemask to protect against splinters and bullet splash. The coveralls were hot and seldom worn, mainly because crewmen were afraid that if captured they would be recognized as tank men and subjected to retaliation by their captors. The A7V was superior to British tanks in some respects, but less mobile. The bottom edge of the side armor was cut back in mid in an attempt to improve movement over muddy, uneven ground.
Minor modifications were made to each A7V during production and at the tank workshop in Charleroi, including the conversion of female versions to male.
Mephisto A7V Sturmpanzerwagen 506 a history of the sole surviving First World War German tank
The Germans first used tanks to coincide with their great spring offensive of With Russia knocked out of the war and in the throes of the Bolshevik revolution, they hoped that reinforcements from the eastern front, combined with new tactics, would bring victory before the arrival of U. At dawn on March 21, Detachment 1, along with a detachment of captured Mark IVs, successfully attacked a section of the British line at St. German tanks continued to be used in both offensive and defensive battles in For example, 20 captured Mark IVs supported a May 27 assault near Reims, and on May 31, A7Vs of Detachment 2, along with nine captured tanks, attacked near the northwestern suburbs.
German tanks were engaged in battles on June 9 and July 15 during the final big German offensive, and on August 31 and October 7 in defensive battles during the German retreat. The last known use of A7Vs occurred near Cambrai on October 11, when five of them and three Mark IVs counterattacked, rallying the retreating Germans and breaking up the British assault.
The Germans decided to end production of the A7V and produce a new tank with the best features of the A7V and British tanks. Called the A7VU Kampfwagen , it resembled British tanks, weighed 39 tons, and had two 57mm guns in sponsons and four machine guns. One prototype was built and tested in June , and production was ordered, but none were completed before the Armistice on November
Related German tanks in WWI The A7V and early tank development
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