A bloody and hard-fought conflict, the Mexican-American War was the early training ground for many of the most important military figures in American history, including Ulysses S.
MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR | Encyclopedia of Cleveland History | Case Western Reserve University
Grant and Robert E. This encyclopedia illuminates its battles and skirmishes, heroes and villains on both sides, and the political strategies and maneuvers. Visit Seller's Storefront. Books may be returned for a refund provided you e-mail us first. They must be mailed back within seven days of receipt and returned in the same condition in which they arrived.
Explanation of the Factors Leading to the Mexican-American War
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The company from Mecklenburg County , refusing to serve under Paine, asked permission to join a regular army regiment and was transferred to the Third U. Two other North Carolina infantry companies were formed and added to the 12th U.
Infantry, under Col. Louis D. Wilson of Tarboro-the original choice of the officers of the North Carolina regiment. Most of the regiment's officers and men considered Paine incompetent. Matters came to a head when the troops turned on Paine in August Control was asserted over the regiment only when Gen.
John Wool posted regular troops as guards at the camp and temporarily relieved Paine. Although Paine had lost the confidence of most of the unit, a court of inquiry in early upheld his actions, and he remained in command until the regiment mustered out at the end of the war. The controversy spilled over into the North Carolina press, with Whig newspapers supporting Paine and Democratic papers taking the part of the disaffected men and officers.
By the summer of the North Carolina regiment was protecting supply trains in Mexico; the unit never saw combat, although troops died of disease. Another 62 men received medical discharges, but three-quarters of them died before arriving home. Interestingly, despite the mutiny against Paine, the North Carolina regiment had a very low desertion rate for a Mexican War unit. The companies of the North Carolina regiment returned home to muster out in July and August Even with the stain of the mutiny, the men were welcomed back with patriotic celebrations.
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The North Carolina companies of the 12th Infantry and the Third Dragoons saw action in the final battles of the war as the U. Army fought its way to Mexico City. Outnumbered by enemy troops, the Americans were pushed back and forced to abandon their two cannons on the bridge itself. Led by Lts. Sears and Edward Cantwell, a dozen men from Company G dashed forward under fire and recovered one of the cannons left on the bridge.
After this action, the tide of the battle turned and it ended in a U. The popular commander of the 12th Infantry, Colonel Wilson, died of disease before the war ended.
Wilson County and the town of Wilson were named after him. A peace treaty was signed in February after the fall of Mexico City. About one-third of Mexico's territory was ceded to the United States, creating its modern borders, except for the Gadsden Purchase lands, Alaska, and Hawaii. Although limited, the military experiences of the Mexican War gave a handful of North Carolinians some firsthand combat training that would be put to use in the Civil War.
Hill , Braxton Bragg , and James G. Martin , distinguished themselves during the fighting in Mexico. Lee A. Wallace Jr. Roster of North Carolina troops, in the war with Mexico.
Image courtesy of LearnNC.
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