Route, including 39, 47, 86 and Since , some divided routes were designated to serve related areas, and designate roughly-equivalent splits of routes. AASHTO has been trying to eliminate these since ;  its current policy is to deny approval of new split routes and to eliminate existing ones "as rapidly as the State Highway Department and the Standing Committee on Highways can reach agreement with reference thereto".
Within the route log, "U. Route" is used in the table of contents, while "United States Highway" appears as the heading for each route. Route", and federal laws relating to highways use "United States Route" or "U. Route" more often than the "Highway" variants. Route or U. Highway on a local level depends on the state, with some states such as Delaware using "route" and others such as Colorado using "highway".
In , Horatio Nelson Jackson became the first documented person to drive an automobile from San Francisco to New York using only a connection of dirt roads, cow paths, and railroad beds. His journey, covered by the press, became a national sensation and called for a system of long distance roads. In the early s, auto trail organizations—most prominently the Lincoln Highway —began to spring up, marking and promoting routes for the new recreation of long-distance automobile travel.
While many of these organizations worked with towns and states along the route to improve the roadways, others simply chose a route based on towns that were willing to pay dues, put up signs, and did little else. Wisconsin was the first state in the U. Identification of these main roads was completed in The American Association of State Highway Officials AASHO , formed in to help establish roadway standards, began to plan a system of marked and numbered "interstate highways" at its meeting.
Secretary Howard M. The Board was composed of 21 state highway officials and three federal Bureau of Public Roads officials.
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At the first meeting, on April 20 and 21, the group chose the name "U. Highway" as the designation for the routes. They decided that the system would not be limited to the federal-aid network; if the best route did not receive federal funds, it would still be included. The tentative design for the U. Highway shield was also chosen,  based on the shield found on the Great Seal of the United States.
The auto trail associations rejected the elimination of the highway names. Representatives of the auto trail associations were not able to formally address the meetings. However, as a compromise, they talked with the Joint Board members. The associations finally settled on a general agreement with the numbering plans, as named trails would still be included. The second full meeting was held August 3 and 4, At that meeting, discussion was held over the appropriate density of routes.
William F. Williams of Massachusetts and Frederick S. Greene of New York favored a system of only major transcontinental highways, while many states recommended a large number of roads of only regional importance. Greene in particular intended New York's system to have four major through routes as an example to the other states. Many states agreed in general with the scope of the system, but believed the Midwest to have added too many routes to the system. The group adopted the shield, with few modifications from the original sketch, at that meeting, as well as the decision to number rather than name the routes.
A preliminary numbering system, with eight major east—west and ten major north—south routes, was deferred to a numbering committee "without instructions". The skeleton of the numbering plan was suggested on August 27 by Edwin Warley James of the BPR, who matched parity to direction, and laid out a rough grid.
Major routes from the earlier map were assigned numbers ending in 0, 1 or 5 5 was soon relegated to less-major status , and short connections received three-digit numbers based on the main highway from which they spurred. The five-man committee met September 25, and submitted the final report to the Joint Board secretary on October The new system was both praised and criticized by local newspapers, often depending on whether that city was connected to a major route. The Pennsylvania representative, who had not attended the local meetings, convinced AASHO to add a dense network of routes, which had the effect of giving six routes termini along the state line.
Many local disputes arose related to the committee's choices between designation of two roughly equal parallel routes, which were often competing auto trails. In effect, each of the two routes received the same number, with a directional suffix indicating its relation to the other. The Joint Board had assigned that number to the Chicago-Los Angeles route, which ran more north—south than west—east in Illinois, and then angled sharply to the southwest to Oklahoma City , from where it ran west to Los Angeles.
But Missouri and Oklahoma did object—Missouri had already printed maps, and Oklahoma had prepared signs. Route 15 had been extended across Virginia. Much of the early criticism of the U. Highway System focused on the choice of numbers to designate the highways, rather than names. Some thought a numbered highway system to be cold compared to the more colorful names and historic value of the auto trail systems.
The New York Times wrote, "The traveler may shed tears as he drives the Lincoln Highway or dream dreams as he speeds over the Jefferson Highway , but how can he get a 'kick' out of 46, 55 or 33 or 21? When the U. While a few roads in the system are still numbered in this manner, AASHO believes that they should be eliminated wherever possible, by the absorption of one of the optional routes into another route.
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Most states adhere to this approach. However, some maintain legacy routes that violate the rules in various ways. For the most part, the U. Routes were the primary means of inter-city vehicle travel; the main exceptions were toll roads such as the Pennsylvania Turnpike and parkway routes such as the Merritt Parkway. Many of the first high-speed roads were U.
The Federal Aid Highway Act of appropriated funding for the Interstate Highway System, to construct a vast network of freeways across the country.
By , AASHO had decided to assign a new grid to the new routes, to be numbered in the opposite directions as the U. Highway grid. Though the Interstate numbers were to supplement, rather than replace, the U. Route numbers, in many cases especially in the west the US highways were rerouted along the new Interstates. Three state capitals in the contiguous U. Photo: Steve Siegele. This mile point-to-point trail weaves through evocative rock sculptures and pinched corridors with foot-high walls. Trek eastward for sweeping vistas over Elk City Lake as your grand finale.
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The trail hugs the bluffs of this 4,acre reservoir, which looks big enough to be one of the Great Lakes. In spring, the shoreline turns pale purple with blooming redbud trees. Avoid the crowds of Red River Gorge and head to Berea, Kentucky, and the various pinnacle trails that overlook the area.
These dog-friendly hikes offer sweeping overlooks and different vantages of the surrounding area—try West Pinnacle for its sunset views—as well as various levels of difficulty and distance, depending on your capabilities.
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This 7. Savor on-high views from foot outcrops and, in spring, blooming azaleas. Keep an eye out for armadillos. Continue on to an even more scenic lookout spot called Black Rock Cliff. About 7. The Black Creek Trail links those paradisial swimming holes with 41 miles of waterside hiking. Nearly 40 miles of trails cut across rocky, steep terrain that offers a mix of grass-covered hillsides and hardwood forests teeming with wildlife.
Park at the Tower Trailhead—the fire tower on the east side of the wilderness area. There are few different trail combinations to choose from for the route back—Upper Pilot Trail is a solid option.
Just be sure to take a map, because finding and staying on the trails here requires a little work. One of the very best hikes in the park is the mile Dawson-Pitamakan loop, which circles Rising Wolf Mountain.
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Alpine lakes and jagged peaks make this truly one of the last best places. Hills in corn land? The route tunnels through a sandstone fin before emerging atop a wind-raked crag with views over rolling prairie peppered with more buttes. Photo: Wikimedia Commons. The views of Tahoe from the narrow trail and on a steep side hill, to boot are incredible.
Photo: Preschooler. Hike it in fall, when the aspens are changing. Climb Hurricane Mountain in the Adirondacks in fall for spectacular colors and crisp weather. The OST largely follows what later became U. Highway 90 in the east and U. Indeed, the road continued on as the Old Spanish Trail even after the U.
And throughout the route there are members of the Old Spanish Trail Association who will find pleasure in making your aquaintance. In later years, the Old Spanish Trail changed alignment or aquired alternate routes in some areas. This cut out the loop through Douglas and Bisbee on U. To avoid the long loop through Phoenix, tourists heading to the coast could take the cut-off to Gila Bend through Casa Grande.
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