In essence, the public could become thousands of eyes and ears for the agency through the use of WebGIS. Recently in southwest Oregon, for example, there was significant road damage during flooding. WebGIS could have been used as a tool to engage the public in locating areas of damage much faster than the Forest Service workforce could accomplish on its own. Sharing information could become more sophisticated using WebGIS.
Five GIS Trends Changing the World according to Jack Dangermond, President of Esri
Not only can information be displayed, but applications can be served as well. Although the sharing of information is more sophisticated, WebGIS can be much simpler to use than desktop GIS, since its functionality is often reduced to just the applications that are needed. As a result, key applications can be made easy to access and learn, hence more intuitive. In addition, types of data not typically associated with maps, such as photographs, video, 3D models, and sound clips could be distributed using a map as the common, familiar thread linking all of the information components Kingston et al.
Web sites that have been developed give a good idea of what should be done to utilize WebGIS to support Forest Service workflow and business requirements. These uses include planning support, resource management, and public information e. To provide an overall enterprise solution to the management and use of geospatial data and technology to meet the business needs of the agency, an Enterprise GIS EGIS effort was launched in This effort involves 3 phases. Phase I consisted of a short-term, proof-of-concept study to investigate how GIS Services could be provided from centralized Information Service centers.
Phase II currently underway has as its objectives to: provide specific written guidance that will assist the units in the implementation of an enterprise GIS; resolve issues described in the EGIS Phase II Strike Team issue document; support the initial implementation of consistent enterprise solutions to meet geospatial business needs; facilitate migration of geospatial services to the new computer system; develop a proposal for a long-term strategy; and staffing for EGIS.
The meeting participants discussed these topics as one large group, then broke out into smaller working groups to discuss what technology would make sense, when and where it should be implemented, how effective the network was, what could be done with each platform, and other topics. The meeting did not conduct detailed requirements analysis for which Forest Service business requirements would be best implemented in that environment.
Many interviewees felt that serving the public is an obvious top priority, and should be a major factor in determining business requirements. In this light, most interviewees agreed that communication and integration with the public is a critical use of GIS. Whenever the Forest Service requests or requires public comments and review, public input could have a geospatial component.
Communicating important changes in Forest Service resource status to the public — like road closures, fire danger, and weather conditions — could be done quickly and efficiently via WebGIS.
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The Forest Service is actively changing business practices in order to increase efficiency. The integration of GIS into the workflow could be seen as increased help for a downsized agency workforce. GIS professionals are spending more and more time fulfilling data and map requests, either to the public or to other Forests.
In some instances, the implementation of WebGIS data and map download capabilities have greatly reduced their workload. Within the agency, there are mixed feelings about the use of the Internet to centralize GIS. On one hand, centralized GIS is seen as a way to reduce the numbers of systems, and personnel to maintain them, thus saving money. In addition, centralizing GIS is seen as a positive move towards improving consistency and more efficient database maintenance and standardization. On the other hand, centralized GIS is seen by some as an impediment to getting work done at the local forest level.
Both national and local data sets can be continuously available, and updates can be more frequent and instantaneous through the Internet.
In addition, advances in WebGIS can integrate national and local data sets. This combination of centralized and localized data usage greatly increases the utility of WebGIS at the local level. Ships to:. This amount is subject to change until you make payment. For additional information, see the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab This amount includes applicable customs duties, taxes, brokerage and other fees.
GIS Web Mapping Enables Self Service - and Savings
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Web-based GIS ~ GIS Lounge
Learn more - opens in a new window or tab. There are 1 items available. Please enter a number less than or equal to 1. The contents address: 1 constant updating of related web and geospatial technologies as well as the revolution of web mapping caused by mainstream IT vendors such as Google, Yahoo and Microsoft; 2 increased interest in geospatial information technologies from the industry; and 3 increasing demand from the general public for prompt and effective online access to geospatial information. All contributing chapters were advised to consider: 1 inclusion of recent technological advancements, especially new developments under Web 2.
While many of these topics have been addressed in this book volume, we feel that what needs to be further studied is related to social and organizational issues in the field of webbased GIS and mapping services and applications, as well as an assessment of the impact of Web 2. We would like to see more research into, for example, data policies, privacy and ownership, quality assurance and acceptable use policies, especially for crowd-sourcing and community-generated geographic content technologies and and applications.
In addition to the introductory chapter, the book includes 20 accepted chapters after double-blind peer review processes, which are organized into the following six sections:. The three chapters in this section describe recent developments and advances in geolocating using a range of positioning systems, and augmented systems and environments for use in mobile mapping.
Day by day, the use of location data is becoming more and more popular, and Google is one of the main game changers in this area. With Google Maps, you can build location-based apps, maps for mobile apps, visualize geospatial data, and customize your own maps.
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Representing geographical space beyond our mere perception is key to making relevant decisions, whether it is with respect to sustainable development or to the planning of everyday activities. Designing, sharing and exploiting such representations entails many challenges.
Related Advances in Web-based GIS, Mapping Services and Applications
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